Sunday, May 24, 2020
HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"To be, or not to beÃ¢â¬ speech is ubiquitous. From a Sesame Street lesson to a Charlie Chaplin movie to a Malcolm X speech, it is a soundbite, the epitome of acting, and a rallying cry for action. Like Da VinciÃ¢â¬â¢s Mona Lisa or BeethovenÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Ode to JoyÃ¢â¬ , ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s ponderous soliloquy seems to be more famous for its fame than for its merits, though it has many. How do directors and actors convince their audiences to engage with HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s words, when the audience is more inclined to be pulled into their own thoughts and ideas about the soliloquy as soon as they hear the signifier of Ã¢â¬Å"To beÃ¢â¬ ? I will be examining approaches taken by directors and actors across the history of filmed Hamlets to create HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s famous speech, focusing onÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In film, audiences are more naturally voyeurs than confidantes, so an audience for the soliloquy must be created inside of the context of the production. In Laurence OlivierÃ¢â¬â¢s 1948 film, the camera seems to zoom into the back of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s head and enter his mind. A blurry focus shifting from HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s eyesÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view, looking at the water below, to a frame on HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s face, allows the possibility that the audience is experiencing HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, and Hamlet is having an out of body experience. This explains why the audience can still hear HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts when his lips stop moving. Then upon Ã¢â¬Å"perchance to dreamÃ¢â¬ , the jarring musical cue, camera shift away from HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s head to a more normal frame of his entire body, and HamletÃ¢â ¬â¢s opening of his eyes comprise moving outside of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s head as he wakes from a trance. Hamlet speaks the rest of the monologue out loud, with no audience except himself and the cliffs. The shift from inside HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s mind to outside comes at the tone shift in the speech, the realization that the dreams of death are probably nightmares. HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to express his thoughts about the horrors of life and death out loud is believable and natural. Since the audience has been inside of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s mind, they are not likely to feel they are intruding upon HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts. The boundary between public and private life is erased many times in Hamlet. For example, HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s troubles and concerns come from his personalShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Soliloquy On Elizabethan Audience954 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDecember 18, 2015 Impact of Soliloquy on Elizabethan Audience In William Shakespeare s revenge tragedy play Hamlet, the prevailing themes of revenge, madness, and morality were recognized by the Elizabethan audience and appealed to them. The play s central focus is on a young prince, Hamlet, who has gone through many challenges to avenge his father s death. Prince Hamlet got his revenge on his deceitful uncle, Claudius, the same man who murdered his father and married Hamlet s mother. From the originalRead MoreSoliloquies in Hamlet by William Shakespeare Essay1042 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA soliloquy is a literacy device that is used to reveal the innermost thoughts of a character. Shakespeare uses soliloquies to expose fascinating insights into the thoughts and actions of Hamlet and in doing so: the readers can grasp his character. The first soliloquy of the play, introduces the main theme for the rest of hamletÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts and actions, this soliloquy allows the audience to understand hamlets inner thoughts that are repetitive throughout t he play. Secondly, HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s famous soliloquyRead MoreCause and Effect Hamlet Essay902 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCause and Effect Hamlet Essay William Shakespeare, arguably the greatest language in the English language and EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s national poet, has written numerous histories, tragedies, comedies and poems. Throughout his plays, his use of dramatic irony, immaculate word choice and wording, and his vast imagination has made him a successful playwright even in his time. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s scripts for his theatrical company, needed to pertain to the needs and fascinations of the Elizabethan audience. It is safeRead MoreEssay on Hamlet Act 3 Scene 1: To Be or Not To Be588 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesHamlet Act 3 Scene 1: HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"To Be Or Not To BeÃ¢â¬ Soliloquy HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"To be or not to beÃ¢â¬ soliloquy is conceivably the most prominent soliloquy in the archive of the theatre. Even now, more than 400 years after it was originally written there is still an air of familiarity that reaches others even if they do not know the play itself in detail. In act 3, scene 1, HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"To be or not to beÃ¢â¬ Soliloquy is critical in developing the plot because this is when Hamlet discusses his most suicidalRead MoreHamlet Cause and Effect Essay1716 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmislead, and surprise the audience as much as possible (Roff).Ã¢â¬ Hamlet is a dramatic production written by William Shakespeare. Ã¢â¬Å"The play, set in the Kingdom of Denmark, recounts how Prince Hamlet exacts revenge on his uncle Claudius for murdering the old King Hamlet, Claudiuss own brother and Prince Hamlets father, and then succeeding to the throne and marrying Gertrude, the King Hamlets widow and mother of Prince Hamlet (HamletÃ¢â¬ ).Ã¢â ¬ ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s main objective was to impress his ElizabethanRead MoreHamlet Soliloquy Analysis899 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Soliloquy There are various ways in which an author can target their audience, though in the Elizabethan Era one might do so differently than in present day. In William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Hamlet, Hamlet delivers a speech in which all those who watched could relate to. Before Hamlet was exiled to England he encountered the captain of NorwayÃ¢â¬â¢s army and learned of their plan to attack a small patch of PolandÃ¢â¬â¢s land. The land was worth nothing to neither Norway or Poland yet both took up arms toRead MoreStruggle and Disillusionment in Hamlet Essays919 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshis character Hamlet, contributes to the continued engagement of modern audiences. The employment of the soliloquy demonstrates ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s approach to the dramatic treatment of these emotions. The soliloquy brings a compensating intimacy, and becomes the means by which Shakespeare brings the audience not only to a knowledge of secret thoughts of characters, but into the closest emotional touch with them too. Through this, the audiences therefore gain a closer relationship with Hamlet, and are absorbedRead MoreUnderstanding the Mind of Hamlet with His Soliloquies Essay678 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesUnderstanding the Mind of Hamlet with His Soliloquies The term soliloquy is a literary or dramatic form of discourse, within which a character talks to himself and reveals his inner thoughts without addressing a listener. Hamlet uses soliloquies to express his feelings towards his dead father and self loathing to the reader of the play but to none of the characters within it. Hamlet has a complex character and it is important for the audience to be able to understandRead MoreHamlet Soliloquy Analysis968 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfamous work undoubtedly goes to HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"To be or not to be.Ã¢â¬ The soliloquy is a speech of despair, anger, and suffering. Hamlet deals with profound concepts and philosophical ideas. Questioning the righteousness of life over death, making death desirable and powerful. The speech covers an idea we all refuse to acknowledge, humans bear the burden and labor of life only to avoid the unknown mysteries of death. For such a powerful soliloquy, converting it to films needs a brilliant directing; with outstandingRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet 1016 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesENG4UO June 12th 2015 Hamlet s Downward Spiral to Insanity through Unique Soliloquies The true soliloquy is a speech that an actor delivers alone onstage to either himself or an audience.. In William Shakespeare Hamlet, Hamlets soliloquies appears to generally reveal that he is pure but that he has adapted impulsive behaviour and enters his downfall into mental instability. Nonetheless, the soliloquies and set speeches have a fulfillment of place revealing much about Hamlet and his overall development
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Typical Physical, Cognitive, and Social-Emotional Development This group of students is quite diverse. This group of fourth grade students also exhibit diversity from their home life, culture, and socioeconomic areas. This school has over an eighty percent ration of students on free or reduced lunches. Religious diversity also plays a part in this group of children. These children break up into social groups based along these lines of diversity. Physical Development Normal physical development for this age group, 8-10 year olds, would suggest that they will be Ã¢â¬Å"Full of energy,Ã¢â¬ they will need time to get out their excess energy (Wood, 2005). They may be experiencing growth spirts and they may need periodic breaks of physical activity. They should be able to participate in sports (McDevitt Ormrod, 2013, p. 27). These children should show increased ability in coordination, but may complain of frequent injuries (Wood, 2005). Maturation. Some girls show onset of puberty (McDevitt Ormrod, 2013, p. 27). This group of students plays hard at recess, but as mentioned before they often have bruised limbs and require ice packs at the end of the recess period (Wood, 2005). Teachers often keep refreeze-able icepacks in the classrooms to avoid unneeded disruptions. This seems to be a good strategy for this age group. Both the boys and girls have shown signs of recent growth spirts. They are sometimes overly aggressive when playing at recess, which is normal for this ageShow MoreRelatedDevelopment Of The Cognitive, Physical And Social Emotional Domains Within Middle Childhood980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThis essay aims to analysis the development of the cognitive, physical and social-emotional domains within middle childhood. This essay will discuss how the development of these domains can be seen throughout the movie Ã¢â¬ËBoyhoodÃ¢â¬â¢. Cognitive development is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the process of growth and change in intel lectual/mental abilities such as thinking, reasoning and understanding and includes the acquisition and consolidation of knowledgeÃ¢â¬ ( ). Physical development can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"changes in bodyRead MoreMy Virtual Child Program : Physical, Social, Emotional, And Cognitive Development1528 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMy Virtual Child program basically covers physical, social, emotional, and cognitive development at several age levels. Various personalized questions were asked and given scenarios that would shape my childÃ¢â¬â¢s physical development, cognitive development, and affect his personality. My Virtual Child has a unique set of characteristics at birth, some of which were influenced by how I answered and completed the assessment when I first logged into My Virtual Child. These characteristics gradually emergedRead MoreAn Early Childhood Educator : Understanding The Physical, Social, Emotional, And Cognitive Development Of Each Child1024 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages As educat ors we should set up a high quality classroom environment where the child can grow, learn and explore at his or her own developmental level. I believe that as an early childhood educator my goal is to promote the physical, social, emotional, and cognitive development of each child. Also educators must find a good balance between teacher-directed and child-initiated activities. Many influential early childhood educators have given me a wonderful perspective on how I would like to teachRead MoreSupport The Positive Parenting Of A Child s Physical, Cognitive And Social Emotional Learning Development2812 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesstrategies which include a strength based approach to support the positive parenting in respect of a child s physical, cognitive and social emotional learning development. The first two years of any child s life are the most critical and important when it comes to their personal development when growing up. They are essential to the cognitive, physical, social and emotional development. Many theorists have suggested that is a child is brought up where their developmental needs are not being metRead MoreLifespan Studies: Cognitive, Language, Social and Emotional, Physical and Holistic Development, and Discuss How Te Whariki Supports and Promotes the Development of Each Domain in the Early Childhood Sector.1113 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis essay will describe five developmental domains, Cognitive, Language, Social and Emotional, Physical and Holistic Development, and discuss how Te Whariki supports and promotes the development of each domain in the early childhood sector. The definition of Cognitive Development as stated by the Encyclopaedia of Childrens Health, is the construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem-solving and decision-making from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. According toRead MoreCognitive, Social, And Physical Development936 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCognitive, Social Physical Development Early Childhood Education emphasizes the development of the whole child: Cognitive, social and physical. Some educators emphasize the cognitive domain, neglecting social and physical development. Student learning is enhanced when teachers incorporate the three domains into planning and implementation of curriculum. This paper will investigate how cognitive, social, and physical domains of development are inextricably linked and how they affect the developmentRead MorePhysical and Social Factors That Influences Growth and Development882 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPhysical and Social Factors that Influences Growth and Development Development is often divided into specific domains, such as gross motor, fine motor, language, cognition, and social/emotional growth. These designations are useful, but substantial overlap exists. Studies have established average ages at which specific milestones are reached, as well as ranges of normality. In a normal child, progress within the different domains varies, as in the toddler who walks late but speaks in sentences earlyRead MoreThe Importance Of A Healthy Development For Children s Development Essay1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 PageschildÃ¢â¬â¢s life for the development of skills needed throughout their lifetime. That is why it is very important to promote a healthy development for each of the development areas. This report presents information on toddlers and how they develop in each of the different development domains, cognitive, physical, language and social-emotional. It looks at the theories created by Jean Piaget, Arnold Gesell, Noam Chomsky and Erik Erikson to help su pport the different developments. Lastly, provides strategiesRead MoreLearning Styles And Sociocultural Influences On Child And Adolescent Development1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe link to development theories, learning styles and sociocultural influences on child and adolescent development. As a developing secondary school preserve teacher, my focus will be mainly on adolescent behaviours and development. I will be examining an article from a media how these developmental theories analyses and helps us to understand the behaviour of child and adolescents. I will also try to explain about the domain of development such as physical, cognitive, emotional and social. https://wwwRead MoreWhy Father Is Important?1587 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesyour father? If not, what if you did? How did it make you feel? What was the importance of your fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s presence and involvement in your life? As these are questions IÃ¢â¬â¢ve examined to see if a fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s presence and involvement are important to development. The father role present-day is continually diminishing from the values that constitute a traditional family. Non- traditional and single parent family structures are a growing phenomenon. According to U.S. Census Bureau, over 77% of children in
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Downloading of music has been a long time subject of piracy. In the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s, radio stations played records that are not tracked. It is a not-so obvious manner of piracy but did impact writers who were losing money due to public performance of their works without proper accountability. We will write a custom essay sample on The New Digital Era called Ã¢â¬Å"MP3 TechnologyÃ¢â¬ or any similar topic only for you Order Now No one was making money through this procedure but only radio stations via their sponsors. (Wicknick, par. 1) With this, the performance rights societies including ASCAP and BMI worked with the Congress and the FCC to change legislation to ensure that radio stations will track airplay and pay blanket licenses that were given to writers based on airplay. (Wicknick, par. 1) It is impossible to copy a record before the invention of blank tape. Its either you bought it or borrow a copy and played it until the needle lost its tip. (Wicknick, par. 3) In the mid 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, even after the invention of blank tapes, copying a record is sill a clunky process. (Wicknick, par. 3) In the advent of cassette tape, people learned to do dubbing. But marketing of these tapes are low because it is still evident that it is dub due to sonic integrity has been compromised. ASCAP and BMI, together with the FCC, they began to collect blanket license fees on the sale of blank media and give them to writers and publisher members. (Wicknick, par. 4) In 1982, in the faÃ §ade of CD in Europe, Japan and in the United States by 1983, it was read-only. Burning to a CD is impossible before. But advancement in technology made it possible. In the year of 2003, you can burn CD from mp3 and sources like iTunes. However, MP3 and iTunes do charge for licensing, worked out deals and propose duplication allowances. (Wicknick, par. 5) The onslaught of the digital wave in 1999 started with the newly created MP3 file sharing software called Napster, stated Catherine Edwards, in her article Ã¢â¬Å"The Napster Challenger.Ã¢â¬ Ã Lee Bockhorn, in his article Ã¢â¬Å"MP3 and Me: How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love Online Music File Sharing (sort of)Ã¢â¬ stated that on one side of the wave is the estimated 60 million MP3 Internet users that enjoy the advantages of ala carte collection choice, downloading these selections for free and testing music before purchasing. On the other side are the artists and recording companies making strong claims for illegal sharing of copyrighted material states John Healey and Jeff Leeds in their article Ã¢â¬Å"Tone Deaf to the Moral Dilemma?Ã¢â¬ Ã The new MP3 file sharing technology has brought to us into a new digital age madness designed for music lovers.Ã Claiming violation of copyright laws, the greedy recording companies and music artists do not wish to give up the present business structure and refuse to embrace the exploding expansion of digital technology that will allow Ã¢â¬Ëala carte purchasesÃ¢â¬â¢. The start of this digital age software began with a 19-year-old freshman at Northeastern University in Boston in 1999.Ã His name is Shawn Fanning.Ã He revolutionized the music industry, developing a software program called Napster.Ã Napster allows music fans to share and download music files via the Internet for free.Ã Shawn received $15 million to start the corporation and is now a famous CEO (Edwards 160). Then, one and a half years later, in 2001, 2 famous bands, Metallica and Dr. Dre, sued Napster. The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) sued as well, claiming Napster violated record label copyrights.Ã This case is still on appeal.Ã Since this time, Napster has joined with BMG Entertainment (a $50 million dollar deal) offering a new fee-based system (Edwards) The RIAA has been taking drastic measures to limit piracy. Consumers of music sees file-sharing or downloading as the wave of the future and legal in their own right. The lawsuits include a twelve year old for downloading contents online and an 80 year-old grandfather who were sued for his computer activity wherein he claimed that he donÃ¢â¬â¢t even know how to turn a computer on. Many of the grandparents bought computer for their grandchild as a treat whenever they come to visit their place. But a twelve year old may be well aware on the usage of the computer technology as well as a graduate student but doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t know or understand the violations of what they have done. (Wicknick, par. 2) The next approach for RIAA is to target college students and parents with further lawsuits alleging copyright violations.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"One goal is to persuade parents to crack down on their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s file sharing before an entire generation comes to expect music to be freeÃ¢â¬ (Healey and Leeds 175).Ã This may prove to be a futile effort with the millions of Internet users copying music for free on the new sites that have popped up, such as Kazaa or Limewire.Ã Also, many parents condone studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ downloading even though itÃ¢â¬â¢s unethical.Ã RIAA lawsuits will attempt to target the Internet account that is used to share the file (Healey and Leeds 177).Ã These lawsuits may change the attitudes of 12-22 year-olds, that when surveyed said that 70% of them would stop if at risk of a fine or jail (Healey and Leeds 178). According to the Pew Internet ProjectÃ¢â¬â¢s national survey of adult Internet users conducted last January-February 2005 resulted that about 7 million adults downloaded files from someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s iPod or MP3 player. (Madden and Lee par. 2) Approximately, 10 million people get their music and video files through email and instant messages. But there are people who use both the same sources. Other alternative sources of downloading include music and movie websites, blogs and online reviews. There is also a legislation being pushed in Congress by the record companies.Ã If approved, it would use software to flood peer-to-peer sharing with dummy files, search public folders for illegally copies music and block users from downloading.Ã Even though itÃ¢â¬â¢s difficult to empathize with rich artists and greedy record companies, it is still, according to law, an illegal practice to share and download copyrighted music online.Ã Millions of people through MP3 technology are sharing files, making the concept of Ã¢â¬Ëfair useÃ¢â¬â¢ ridiculous (Bockhorn 163). Further in his article, Bockhorn writes of his personal exposure to the Napster era.Ã At the start of the Napster take-off he felt that it just wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t right to not pay an artist for his/her music.Ã He explains that his first temptation came after attending a Norah Jones concert.Ã He later downloaded her performance of the Ã¢â¬ËTennessee WaltzÃ¢â¬â¢ thru I-Tunes. His justification was that he had paid to see the concert and had bought previous albums (Bockhorn 162). Ã In a forum done by eight graders, some students thought that the music industries have huge incomes and it would not hurt if they will get a song or two from an album through the internet. A student said that the artist will still have an income because they are still buying T-shirts and watch their concerts. (Hafner, par. 13) Curiosities about MP3 file sharing, lead to BockhornÃ¢â¬â¢s downloading of Limewire, a successor to Napster.Ã He agrees that it is unquestionably, great technology, without paying a fee.Ã Drawbacks to MP3 are availability of music, modem connection speed, and the guilt of acquiring music without paying.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"If I want to download My Cherie Amour, Stevie Wonder should get a cut of whatever price a true market . . . determines the song is worth . . .Ã¢â¬ (Bockhorn 162). Currently, BockhornÃ¢â¬â¢s primary concern is that MP3 technology has definitely warped the minds of users copying illegal files to build their music collection.Ã But, why does the music lover continue to partake?Ã Number one because of choice and number two because itÃ¢â¬â¢s free (Bockhorn 163).Ã Most people will agree that itÃ¢â¬â¢s illegal but will continue to do it.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Like countless millions, Miriam Philips felt no guilt in downloading music from a shared campus folderÃ¢â¬ (Healey and Leeds 175).Ã Philips offers no sympathy for the artist and the record company, Ã¢â¬Å"TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re rich, they can deal with itÃ¢â¬ , (Philips via Healey and Leeds 175). According to a 13-year old girl, if you wanted a song or two in a certain album, it is not a big deal.(Hafner, par. 3) However, when someone consistently downloaded an artist whole CD, it might be the right time to call them thieves. Almost all of the houses here in the US have Internet-connected computers in their homes. A student even asked that if downloading of music is really illegal, why do PCs were sold with CD burners? (Hafner, par. 18) Downloading of music through CD burning is very convenient especially to students who were mostly doing it.Ã Just a few clicks away, they will be able to have the songs they wanted. (Hafner, par. 9) Though some of these people knew that they are violating the law, but they canÃ¢â¬â¢t afford to give up convenience and less expensive or the free copies of the recordings of their own choice. On the other hand, there are some advantages to the downloading frenzy.Ã This technology has prompted some users to purchase CDÃ¢â¬â¢s based on a new interest in a particular type of music.Ã It is able to give a taste of a certain type of music or unknown band before purchasing an entire CD.Ã Users will find that if theyÃ¢â¬â¢re downloading more than 2-3 songs they will probably go out and buy the entire album. Internet users will also argue that it is difficult at times to locate a particular piece of music that theyÃ¢â¬â¢re looking for.Ã Also, this activity is for personal use, not resale (Healey and Leeds 176).Ã There is also no evidence that MP3 file sharing has dramatically hurt CD sales.Ã In 2001, sales dropped 10% and in 2002 sales dropped 7% (Bockhorn 163). There are news and write ups on lawsuits for music-downloading like the Napsters and Metallica lawsuits but possible loss of revenue for recording industry were not perceived. Music-downloading is hurting the businesses of music retailers. While downloaders are getting music for free through downloading it from internet or MP3s, it is a loss of income for massive music retail outlets. (Bestul, par. 5) People resigned from buying or purchasing music and switch over to downloading it from the computer instead. What they havenÃ¢â¬â¢t thought about is the income that music retailers or outlets will lose every time they download the music for free from computer or MP3 instead of buying a CD from retail outlets. In attempting to defend this illegal behavior, consumers will argue that corrupt record companies refuse to embrace technology that will allow Ã¢â¬Ëala carteÃ¢â¬â¢ purchases.Ã Consumers wish to purchase the one or two songs from an album that are worthy of purchase.Ã This choice could lead to the extinction of great albums such as the BeatlesÃ¢â¬â¢ Sgt. Peppers album (Bockhorn 163).Ã Bockhorn believes that people want to do the right thing, and hopes that record companies will provide us options for subscription or ala carte, but thus far they have been very reluctant.Ã If record companies would join the new technology, all of us could rest easier know that the artist got his/her share (Bockhorn 164). It is believe to be impossible to stop the downloading of music because it is the fad as of this era. Aside from the fact that many people are music lovers, the technology that we have today is unstoppable. Advancement in technology might be the reason why people can come up in this kind of technique in getting what they want for free or at a lesser cost with much ease. Maybe in the future, we might have other ways or means of downloading music or files in a more convenient way based on how technology progress on every generation. Future growth of MP3 digital technology is yet to be determined, with many changes to come.Ã Millions of Internet users each day have access to use of this technology, either through free or paid Internet sites.Ã Consumers do have a choice, the questions remains to be, how many will lean toward their obligation of legal choice.Ã Future enforcement of the free technology wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be effective unless the music industry offers a legal alternative to file sharing. References Bestul, Michael J. (11 December 2003). Ã¢â¬Å"Lost in the controversy.Ã¢â¬ Blogcritics.com Retrieved last October 19, 2006. Websites: http://blogcritics.org/archives/2003/12/11/082220.php Bockhorn, Lee.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"MP3 and Me: How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love Online Music File-Sharing (sort of).Ã¢â¬ The Weekly Standard 16 October 2002 Edwards, Catherine. Ã¢â¬Å"The Napster Challenge.Ã¢â¬ Insight on the News January 2001 Hafner, Katie (19 September 2003). Ã¢â¬Å"Is it wrong to share your music? (Discuss).Ã¢â¬ The New York Times Retrieved last October 19, 2006. Website: http://www.nytimes.com/learning/teachers/featured_articles/20030919friday.html Healey, John, and Jeff Leeds. Ã¢â¬Å"Tone Deaf to the Moral Dilemma?Ã¢â¬ The Los Angeles Times 2 September 2003 Madden, Mary and Rainie, Lee (25 March 2005). Ã¢â¬Å"Music and Video Downloading Moves Beyond P2P.Ã¢â¬ Pew Internet and American Life Project Retrieved last October 19, 2006. W Website: http://www.pewinternet.org/PPF/r/153/report_display.asp Wicknick, Darcie-Nicole. Ã¢â¬Å"The RIAA Muic Downloading Controversy: Both Sides of the Record.Ã¢â¬ MusicBizAdvice.com Retrieved last October 19, 2006. Websites: http://www.musicbizadvice.com/a_little_history_on_music_piracy%20.htm http://www.musicbizadvice.com/the_music_downloaders_point_of_view.htm http://www.musicbizadvice.com/RIAA_Music_Downloading_Controversy.htm ; ; ; ; How to cite The New Digital Era called Ã¢â¬Å"MP3 TechnologyÃ¢â¬ , Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss the controllable and uncontrollable factors and critique starbucks overall corporate strategy. Answer: Introduction Starbucks is increasing in number, continuously. Their presence in different countries is different. It is important for the management to understand the culture, likes and dislikes of people in the country so that the organization can grow further. The management should try to understand the expectations of people from different countries and plan their accordingly. At this point of time, the number of stores of Starbucks is considered to be its strength but there are very high possibilities that the increasing number of cafes will not matter and the quality of coffee offered matter the most. Controllable and Uncontrollable factors Starbucks is one of the popular names in the world of coffee but they have to struggle hard so that they can be stable at their position. There are plenty of controllable and uncontrollable factors which are creating an impact on the growth and fall of the business. The management will have to understand the controllable factors and look for ways by which it can be controlled. On the other end, the management will have look for ways by which the uncontrollable factors can be dealt with (Kessler 2015). In each country, the controllable and uncontrollable factors are different than that of each other. The controllable and uncontrollable factors of Starbucks, in different countries, are elaborated below. Uncontrollable factors There are plenty of uncontrollable factors associated with Starbucks. The management of Starbucks will have to look for ways by which they can deal with these threats. It is very important for the management of Starbucks to fight against these factors rather than that of ignoring it. The uncontrollable factors in Japan are as follows: - There are plenty of coffee shops in Japan and hence, the competition from rival shops is too high for Starbucks in Japan. Most of the Japanese prefer to consume coffee from the local store rather than that of into Starbucks. The competitors are offering local flavoured coffee at a much cheaper rate. The Japanese customers are still wondering if its worth of pay a high price and taste a coffee at Starbucks (Barber 2014). The economic condition of Japan shows a downturn of 14%. This is not a good sign for any business. Economy downturn would mean that the income of the people in the nation has reduced. This reduction would mean that the disposable income of the people will reduce. Reduction of disposable income would mean that people arent willing to spend much on luxury things. For customers in Japan, Starbucks is a luxury as it is priced above all the other similar coffee stores (Anthonisz 2014). The uncontrollable factors in France are different than that of Japan. Few of the uncontrollable factors in Japan are as follows: - In France, the political laws are very strong. There are plenty of secret regulations. It is the responsibility of the management to understand them and the business should follow those regulations so that the business can stay away from legal complications. In case of ignorance of any of the legal regulations, Starbucks will be forced to leave the nation. The labour laws are very generous. Every organization in France will have to pay better and also better perks to the employees, that what they pay in other countries. Due to this, Starbucks will have to come up with employee benefits that can lure the employees and also the government (Lee 2013). The uncontrollable factor in Vienna is different than what it is in France and Japan. The culture in Vienna allows the youth in the nation to try and explore new things and this is a positive thing for Starbucks. The youth in the nation will be enthusiastic about trying the coffee at Starbucks and at the same time, they will also be willing to explore the new products that would be launched in Starbucks periodically (Liat 2014). Controllable factors There are certain controllable factors which is creating an impact on the business of Starbucks. The controllable factors are same all over the world. Few of the controllable factors which should be controlled by Starbucks so that they can stay ahead in the competition are as follows: - The price of the coffee and other non-coffee items in Italian coffee stores is much cheaper than that what it is in Starbucks. Due to this reason, a lot of people in Italy prefer to have coffee at local Italian coffee outlets rather than that of having it in Starbucks. Price of an expresso at Starbucks is $1.5 but in Italian coffee outlets, an expresso just costs 67 cents (Morris 2014). There are plenty of products available at Starbucks, like coffee, tea, smoothies, sandwiches and others. It is very important for Starbucks to continue with this expansion so that the customers continue to come to the store to explore new products. The channel of distribution used by Starbucks is very unique. All the coffee shops are owned directly by Starbucks. They have 20,891 stores available in 62 countries. This is the largest coffeehouse in the world (Kim 2015). Starbucks doesnt make much investment in marketing. Most of the marketing is undertaken by word-of-mouth communication. Starbucks just spends just 1% of their total revenue in marketing. This is also undertaken only when a new product is launched in the market. Starbucks believes in continuous research. This continuous research allows the coffee house to come up with new things at regular intervals so that they can hold the attention of the customers (Hsu 2014). Sources of risk Starbucks is growing fast but at the same time, they will have to face plenty of risks in the near future. It is the responsibility of the management to understand these threats and act accordingly rather than that of being ignorant about the foreseen threats. Few of the major sources of risks that have been foreseen by Starbucks are discussed below. USA is the home market for Starbucks and the organization will have to accept to the fact that it is becoming saturated now. The number of Starbucks cafe is already high and hence, the management cannot think of having more cafes in the USA. If the management decides to go ahead and open few more cafes in the USA then they will notice that the revenue generated by Starbucks in the USA will reduce. Rather than that of looking for ways to increase the number of coffee shops, they can increase the quality of products that they offer to the customers. This will ensure that more people are attracted to the cafe and hence, the sales in Starbucks would ultimately increase (Chou 2014). The upcoming generation (generation X) is not willing to accept Starbucks and its products. The upcoming generation thinks that the $3 coffee offered by the cafe is meant for elderly people and not for them. With increase in the number of generation X, the sales of Starbucks is getting affected. Starbucks will have to plan and position itself as an organization that is cool and trendy. This will motivate the gen X crowd to sip a coffee at Starbucks. Only coffee will not be loved by the gen X so the products will also have to be changed accordingly to meet their taste and preference (Durna 2015). Starbucks is introducing plenty of new items that can be explored by people. Due to this, lot of people arent willing to come down to Starbucks. Starbucks is known for the coffee that they offer to people so they should continue to offer the same to the people. Starbucks can introduce smoothies, lattes, and sandwiches but they should always remember that people walk-in into Starbucks for coffee so that needs to be improved continuously. Continuous improvement in the coffee flavour will help Starbucks to retain the existing customers (Becerra 2013). Starbucks is no more loved by the employees working over there. In the past, employees use to proudly say that they are associated with Starbucks but that is not the case today. Today, the employees feel that they are manipulated and misused by the management of Starbucks. The benefits offered to the employees are very low. Today, there are plenty of pizza joints and coffee houses so the employees feel that working with Starbucks is like working with a pizza joint or any other coffee house (Jayawardena 2013). It is the responsibility of the management to look for ways by which employee benefits can be improved so that they can retain the existing employees and at the same time, attracting new employees will also be an easy task. Satisfying the employees with attractive compensation and benefits will ensure that the employees are happy and they will serve the customers with a smile. This smile will make the customers feel satisfied and hence, they will be motivated to walk back in the store (Rashid 2013). Critique Starbucks overall corporate strategy Starbucks is known for the best of strategies that they have in place to attract the customers but there are certain areas which need to be improved by Starbucks. Due to the mismatch between the corporate strategies that are implemented and the customer satisfaction, Starbucks is losing huge sales. Few of the areas wherein Starbucks needs to consider and improve are discussed below. Starbucks has its presence across the globe and this is one of the major reasons due to which, Starbucks is termed as a global organization. There are few cities in the USA wherein multiple Starbucks cafe is present but that is not the case with all the cities in the USA. There are eight cities in the USA that doesnt have Starbucks Cafe at this. This is not in sync with the corporate strategy of the organization. Starbucks wants to dominant the complete USA market but their absence in eight cities states that Starbucks havent explored the USA market completely. It is very important for Starbucks to have its presence in all the cities in the USA because USA is the parent country for the organization (Willie 2013). Starbucks believes that increasing the number of stores will help them to increase the sales but this is not the right strategy and this may not work longer. The customers are in love with the coffee flavour offered by Starbucks and hence, they prefer to walk-in in the store and they are really not concerned about the number of Starbucks cafe in different corners of the world. Starbucks will have to ensure that the taste of the coffee at Starbucks should be improved continuously so that they retain the customers and also attract new customers. If Starbucks is able to team up the best coffee with best price then nothing better is going to happen (Lo 2013). No differentiation among the customers of Starbucks is one of the wrong strategies that are used by Starbucks. The 3$ is loved by the senior people but the people in the early 20s are not willing to take a sip. Starbucks can come up with products to match the taste of younger generation. This will ensure that Starbucks is attracting the senior people and also the generation X. Starbucks will have to put in efforts to understand the taste and preference of generation X as the generation X customers believe that there is nothing matching to their taste and preference in Starbucks (Ozan 2015). Low advertisement of Starbucks may be considered as strength by the management of Starbucks but that is not the fact and its needs to be accepted by Starbucks. Just 1% of the revenue is utilized by the management for the purpose of marketing. Large corporations spend a minimum of 10% of their total revenue on marketing and this helps the organization to be popular (Muhi 2013). It is very important for the management of Starbucks to make further investment in marketing so that the brand can reach to people in different corners of the world. Apart from that, marketing will also help the organization to attract more people to the cafe (Nomsa 2015). Predatory real-estate strategy is used by Starbucks so that they dont allow the competitors to enter the place wherein they are present. This is one of the wrong strategies used by Starbucks to stay ahead in the competition. Starbucks is not playing the game fair and this is not a healthy sign. They should allow the competitors to occupy a place close by. This will help Starbucks to understand their real position in the market. The competitor can be studied if they are more preferred over Starbucks and accordingly, Starbucks can improve further. Starbucks pay is criticized across the globe. The employees talk about the heavy workload and low pay that they receive and this is not a good sign for the organization. It is the responsibility of the management to pay the employees as per the work that they do. If the salary paid and the work done is not sync with each other then this dissatisfaction will be seen in the work that they deliver and hence, the customers will be ultimately dissatisfied (Promsivapallop 2015). Strategic Analysis Porters five forces analysis of Starbucks It is very important for the management of Starbucks to understand the impact of various factors on Starbucks. This will help the management to plan their strategic. The impact of various factors on Starbucks is discussed below. Rivalry among existing competitors is very high for Starbucks because there are plenty of coffee shops. Even small and local coffee shops can be considered as a competitor for Starbucks. McDonalds, Dunkin Donuts and other such cafes are also giving a tough competition to Starbucks. Bargaining power of suppliers is very high in the coffee industry. It is very important for Starbucks to ensure that they have the best quality coffee beans so that they can serve the best to the customer. Coffee beans cannot be produced at all the locations and hence, acquiring the same quality of coffee beans at all point of time will be very difficult. Bargaining power of buyers is also very high for Starbucks because the buyers can easily switch their loyalty from one cafe to that of another as there is no switching cost associated with shifting loyalty. Threats from substitutes can be considered to be limited as coffee lovers will always prefer to have coffee, over energy drinks, soft drinks or anything else. Pubs can be considered as a substitute for Starbucks as people like to meet each other and spend time in the pub rather than that of going to a cafe. Threat of new entrants in the industry is very low because Starbucks have a reputation for itself in the market. The customers who are loyal to Starbucks will never think of moving to some other cafe. Recommendations for Starbucks in the USA Starbucks will have to improve so that they can stay ahead in the competition. Few of the recommendations that can be implemented by Starbucks in the USA, so that they can get rid of the stagnated sales, are as follows: - There are 8 cities in the USA that doesnt have Starbucks. This means there are few people who dont have access to Starbucks. Starbucks can set up their store there so that the sales of Starbucks USA can be increased (Sund 2013). Starbucks is one of the oldest cafes in the USA. This is one of the reasons due to which lot of people walk-in into the cafe but the younger generation is sceptical about Starbucks. It is the responsibility of the management to introduce new products so that Starbucks can be loved by the younger generation as well. The advertising of Starbucks should be increased so that it can look appealing to the youngsters in the nation (Yu 2014). Conclusion Starbucks is one of the popular coffee stores across the globe but they are certain areas wherein they need to improve so that they can stay ahead in the competition. The management will have to work on the Japanese market so that they can survive in Japan. Improvement in the services is one of the best strategies to stay ahead in the competition, at all possible locations. References Anthonisz, A, 2014, Assessing the future of housekeeping operations in Dubais five-star hotel industry room for innovation?, Worldwide hospitality and tourism themes, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 352-361 Becerra, M, 2013, Being Better VS being different: differentiation, competition, and pricing strategies in the Spanish hotel industry, Tourism Management, vol. 34, pp. 71-77 Barber, N, 2014, Tapping mindfulness to shape hotel guests sustainable behaviour, Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 110-114 Chou, C, 2014, Hotels environmental policies and employee personal environmental beliefs: interactions and outcomes, vol. 40, pp. 436-446 Durna, U, 2015, The role of servicescape and image perceptions of customers on behavioural intentions in the hotel industry, International journal of contemporary hospitality management, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 1728-1748 Jayawardena, C, 2013, trends in the international hotel industry, worldwide hospitality and tourism themes, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 114-131 Hsu, C, 2014, Low carbon supplier selection in the hotel industry, Sustainability, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 2658-2684 Kessler, A, 2015, Types of organizational innovativeness and success in Austrian hotels, International journal of contemporary hospitality management, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 1707-1727 Kim, H, 2015, Economic impacts of the hotel industry: an input-output analysis, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 132-149 Lo, Y, 2013, Stakeholder management in the Chinese hotel industry: the antecedents and impacts, International journal of contemporary hospitality management, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 470-490 Lee, C, 2013, Quality Dimension in Elderly service in Taiwan Hotel industry, International journal of academic research in business and social sciences, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 80-97 Liat, C, 2014, The association between service quality, corporate image, customer satisfaction, and loyalty: Evidence from the Malaysian hotel industry, Journal of hospitality marketing and management, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 314-326 Morris, S, 2014, Emerging trends regarding accessible accommodation in Dubai luxury hotels, Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism themes, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 317-327 Muhi, B, 2013, Green trends in the hotel industry status and opportunities of Serbia, Journal of economic development, environment and people, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 73-79 Nomsa, M, 2015, The relationship between e-commerce adoption and competition in Hotel industry, International Journal of information and education technology, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 394-397 Ozan, O, 2015, Evaluation of competition conditions in hotel sector in Istanbul, International review of management and marketing, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 102-107 Promsivapallop, P, 2015, Factors influencing Hotel outsourcing decisions in Thailand: Modifications to the transaction cost economics approach, Journal of Hospitality and Tourism research, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 32-56 Rashid, Z, 2013, Service quality and the mediating effect of corporate image on the relationship between customer satisfaction and customer loyalty in the Malaysian hotel industry, Gadjah Mada International journal of business, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 99-112 Sund, K, 2013, Scanning, perceived uncertainty and the interpretation of trends: A study of hotel directors interpretation of demographic change, International journal of hospitality management, vol. 33, pp. 294-298 Willie, P, 2013, Trends in hotel investment and financial management in Canada, Worldwide hospitality and tourism themes, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 190-204 Yu, Y, 2014, Critical issues of globalization in the international hotel industry, Current Issues in tourism, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 114-118
Thursday, April 2, 2020
Federman 8/20/17 The Silence: The actions, or lack thereof, made by the Congress in the 1790s altered history for hundreds of years after the events. The Constitution had been ratified by the former 13 colonies to create a more established federal government than the Articles of Confederation. During the first meetings, two Quaker delegations proposed petitions calling for an end to the African slave trade. This was stunning and considered an embarrassing intrusion, especially by the Southern Delegations.However , this action caused a new wave of debate and infighting in Congress. One side is the Northern abolitionists who are already phasing out slavery without federal intervention. The other side is the South, where slavery is an integral part of their economy, and would take a hit if slavery were abolished. However, talks were pushed back by James Madison and the chance to end slavery in that era ended. Joseph Ellis is correct in that Congress' delaying of the abolition of slavery was a legisl ative failure and showed the rising differences in the North vs. the South that continue to this day. Body Paragraph 1: The North had already begun their own abolition of slavery, and were ready to make it on a nation al level, showing an extreme difference of belief between the two. Ben Franklin signed onto petition, legitimizing it and causing it to be debated. States like Vermont and New Hampshire had already banned slavery. Declaration of Independence \"unambiguous tract for abolition.\" (89). Analysis: The North held extremely different viewpoints than the South, which would lead to a lack of compromise and the delaying of the abolition of slavery. Body Paragraph 2: The South was not interested in abolishing slavery, for it was too important to their economy. \"South Carolina and Georgia cannot do without slaves.\" (92). Racist reasons: \"if they did intermarry with the whites, then the whites would be extinct.\" (100). Says that they can't abolish slavery until 1808. Analysis: This shows how much slaves were important to them economically, and the extreme division in viewpoints between the North and South. Body Paragraph 3: The government's failure in responding to this issue caused the freeing of the slaves to be delayed 70 years. \"the inability to take decisive action against slavery in the decades immediately following the Revolution permitted the size of the enslaved population to grow exponentially and the legal and political institutions of the developing US government to become entwined in compromises with slavery's persistence\" (88). \"The census of 1790 revealed that the window of opportunity to end slavery was opening, not closing.\" (104). The South threatened disunion, and James Madison, who's beliefs unknown, took slavery off the national agenda to avoid the collapse of the nation. Analysis: The stubbornness of the South led to slavery being taken off the table, shutting the opportunity for slavery to end for decades. Works Cited: Ellis, Joseph J. Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation. New York, Vintage Books, 2002. \"I pledge my honor that I have not collaborated with any other students and have completed this assignment in accordance with my teacher's instructions and the Upper School Honor Code.\"
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Cause and Effect Essay Topics Cause and Effect Essay Topics DonÃ¢â¬â¢t know how to write a good cause-and-effect essay? Choosing among the topics offered here will make it easier for you to do it. All of these topics meet the quality standards and academic needs. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t hesitate to use any of them and achieve the best result! Relationships Why is divorce rate so high today? How does divorce impact family and children? Do social media affect family life? What is the nature of conflicts between siblings? Does childbearing affect the career? Does a strong family relationship make people healthier? How does a girlÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with her father affect her own life as a married woman? What factors are crucial for family relationships? Social Issues What factors affect the levels of richness and poverty in the USA? Does poverty reduce the chances to succeed in life and career? Do violent games affect childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s relationships with their peers? How can non-governmental organizations help prevent global climate change? How does religious discrimination affect social stability? Why do people all over the world eat low-quality foods? Can low-quality water affect peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s health? Healthcare Why are so many Americans overweight? Why do people fail to prevent disease occurrence and complications? Why do people fail to adhere to the prescribed treatment regimen? What are the health effects of stress and anxiety? Why does cancer research fail to bring visible results? Why do people seek help in alternative treatments? Can information technologies facilitate access to healthcare? Why are cardiovascular diseases so common in America? Technology Do computer games affect child psychology? Does cellphone communication affect personal relationships? Does shopping online make people spend more money? Ã How can social media help teenagers build relationships? What are the effects of bullying at school? Why do teenagers often spend their time online? Education What do talented students think about studying in a regular school? Why do most children dislike going to school? Do technologies facilitate the learning process? Can homeschooling replace schools? Does wearing school uniform reduce the incidence of conflicts among students? Why do teachers face the risks of burnout? Is childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s health affected by spending more time at school? History How did British and French colonialism alter the people around the globe? Why did the American Revolution begin? What were the causes of the Civil War? How did WWII affect the Jews all over the world? What caused numerous civil rights movements in the 1960s? What were the causes of the 9/11? Can illegal immigration damage social wellbeing in America?
Thursday, February 20, 2020
The Components of the Multi-Media Employment Market - Essay Example The researcher states that many people today believe, that multi-media will fundamentally change the way people learn, communicate and entertain themselves. This can be done because people can now choose and customise how and what information they receive and when it is received. Unlike linear media like film and video multi-media users can interact and direct the sequence, speed and other aspects of the presentationÃ¢â¬ . For this especially skilled professionals have specific knowledge and skills. This essay aims to explore what actually multi-media is in the context of being an avenue of employment for millions on a global scale. It reports the characteristics of the employment market in this fast-growing sector of the global economy. It states the types of jobs that are universally accepted as being a part of the multi-media ambit and the professional and personal skills and requirements that are necessary to compete successfully. The researcher of this essay also explores the kinds of work that have to be successfully undertaken by incumbents in the various job profiles within multi-media. It is also mentioned that multi-media is being increasingly used in other devices today, such as mobile phones and kiosks. It is also being used pervasively in advertising products through electronic media. In conclusion, the researcher states that the scope for employment in multi-media is thus increasing at a pace, which is more than in many other innovative sector of industry worldwide.