Wednesday, August 26, 2020

3 Cases of Missing Parenthetical Punctuation

3 Cases of Missing Parenthetical Punctuation 3 Cases of Missing Parenthetical Punctuation 3 Cases of Missing Parenthetical Punctuation By Mark Nichol In every one of the accompanying models, an integral comma that gives conclusion to an incidental expression is absent. Conversation after each sentence clarifies the issue, and a correction shows the arrangement. 1. A-rundown entertainers, including Scarlett Johansson, Idris Elba, and Bill Murray give the voices to CGI characters. In the event that the sentence started with the actors’ names and was a straightforward explanation of distinguishing proof, just the commas after the first and second names would be required. But since the names, went before by the authoritative sign word including, are incidental to the principle proviso, â€Å"A-list on-screen characters give the voices to CGI characters,† giving models instead of comprising an extensive rundown, a comma must follow Bill Murray’s name to supplement the comma after entertainers: â€Å"A-list on-screen characters, including Scarlett Johansson, Idris Elba, and Bill Murray, give the voices to CGI characters.† 2. In spite of Jones’s occupied timetable, Smith said that he generally discovered time for her. Smith doesn't state something disregarding Jones’s occupied calendar; â€Å"Smith said† is incidental to the principle proviso, â€Å"Despite Jones’s occupied timetable, he generally discovered time for her,† so it ought to be organized by two commas: â€Å"Despite Jones’s occupied timetable, Smith stated, he generally discovered time for her.† 3. In the event that he got lost, Jones was told a pursuit gathering would not be sent to protect him. The sentence recommends, with a clearly tangled tense development, that if â€Å"he† were to get lost, he would be educated that no pursuit gathering would be sent to protect him. Yet, what is implied is that he was informed that on the off chance that he got lost, no salvage exertion would follow. â€Å"Jones was told† is incidental to the announcement, similarly as â€Å"Smith said† is incidental in the past model, so it must be set off from the fundamental condition by commas when the expression: â€Å"If he got lost, Jones was told, an inquiry gathering would not be sent to save him.† Need to improve your English quickly a day? Get a membership and begin accepting our composing tips and activities day by day! Continue learning! Peruse the Punctuation classification, check our mainstream posts, or pick a related post below:35 Synonyms for â€Å"Look†50 Types of PropagandaWhen to Spell Out Numbers

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Way Things Are Essay Example For Students

Way Things Are Essay Relative legislative issues is a significant part of political theory in that as opposed to concentrating how this nation capacities, it examines why different nations around the globe are how they are. There must be some mode for finding the distinctions and similitudes between one area and another all together find what can impact such viewpoints as monetary quality, military quality, and the structure of the system in power. One motivation to contrast nations is with assistance ourselves by permitting us to find out about different nations while getting away from the ethnocentric deception a considerable lot of us have. The Unites States may have a decent government yet isn't really an ideal government; certain nations may have parts of their own legislature that we could gain from and maybe enhance our own framework. Another motivation to contrast nations is with see how nations advance, find examples, and why they advance in the manner in which they do. Another significant motiv ation to examine similar legislative issues is to all the more likely see how certain systems work for reasons for worldwide relations and international strategy. So as to make strategy in regards to different nations and so as to offer guide to these nations we should know how these nations work so we can work with the nations rather than indiscriminately attempting to transform them such that we appear to be fit. This is particularly significant in the cutting edge age with the advancement of a worldwide participation between numerous nations and the way that the United States has become the guard dog, elder sibling, and educator for huge numbers of the less evolved nations of the world. The political culture of a nation is the fundamental qualities, mentalities, convictions, and thoughts of the individuals that involve a nation. This belief system of the individuals majorly affects the administration itself. International strategy, the structure of the administration itself, the laws, and the individuals that really have power are emphatically affected by what the individuals accept. For instance, numerous administrations of the world are non-common, for example, Iran and Egypt. These country’s government and laws began unequivocally from the Islamic foundations of the individuals. At that point one can take note of that the vast majority of these nations that are overwhelmed by religion have frail economies and flimsy systems. Fundamentalist gatherings engaging with communist gatherings who fight with supporters of a majority rules system is the thing that makes these nations what they are today. Another case of famous philosophy of a nation is Russia and different leftovers of the USSR. The vast majority of the individuals that live in these nations today lived under the Communist system for quite a long time as they bunch up under its impact. Since the system has fallen and just free enterprise had its spot the nations are battling among themselve s and one another. The perspectives on working and the job of government are as yet obsolete with a significant number of these individuals. They despite everything anticipate a check and an ensured activity in spite of the nature of their work. They originated from a time where there was little inspiration to work. This helps cause a debilitated economy as individuals are as yet changing in accordance with the new request. One significant hypothesis was Inglehart’s Post-Materialistic Theory. He says that as a propelled government assistance rises, at that point individuals become increasingly liberal as preservationist thoughts of financial addition assume a lower priority in relation to thoughts of self-rule and self-articulation. The individuals hold estimations of prosperity, natural quality, and free discourse at a higher need than standards, for example, monetary addition and material belongings. This sort of progress would majorly affect the administration itself as st rategy would most likely reflect individual freedom and ecological insurance as opposed to strategies prompting high material addition or a bigger organization. As observed there is a significant connection between the political culture of nations and looking at the legislatures of various nations. The explanation being that the way of life of the residents of a nation are a priceless asset in deciding the capacities, political motivation, and force holders of a country’s system. Along these lines when considering different nations one contemplated the political culture an individual can start to comprehend why a nation exists as it does. They can consider examples of open thoughts and discover inclines and find regular patterns that could prompt the clarification of such wonder as why one nation can have a solid fruitful economy that is profoundly industrialized exists in one nation while another nation is still non-industrialized and has a fairly poor economy. This particularly could be significant when contrasting nations of comparative system structures, for example, why Mexico even with system fundamentally the same as our won de spite everything is on the most part under-industrialized and poor when contrasted with the situation of the United States on the planet request. Contrasting society could help clarify dissimilarities in execution when looking at nations of comparable systems. Additionally by mapping changes in a country’s political culture one can associate those progressions with changes in system and discover examples and patterns ideally make speculations and theories that may clarify such changes. Another conceivable utilize is maybe material to international strategy and worldwide relations. On the off chance that the way of life of a nation can be characterized, at that point strategies can be shaped that could all the more likely work with the kind of individuals that live there with as meager negative response as conceivable, for example, numerous nations that the United States helps are annoyed by our quality in their properties. Reference index:

Friday, August 21, 2020

International Relations with Syria

International Relations with Syria International Relations Mar 26, 2018 in Economics Introduction In Syria, violence has taken new forms as both the regime and the opposition have adjusted their tactics. This has resulted to the brutal killings of the Syrian civilians especially women and children (Brown, 2004). It has also led to the violation of human rights though the situation is quite helpless because President Assad prohibited the human rights organizations and humanitarian groups to come and help the situation. Many officers that have deserted the army have also been killed mercilessly and the situation is getting out of hand. This problem can only be solved through intervention by the outside actors, which are the Arab and the international community, for instance the U.S. History and the Background Syria is a country located on one of the most religiously, historically and politically volatile areas on the planet (Gerges et al, 1994). At first it was a part of the Elban civilization located in the Middle East. Religion has also played an essential role in Syrias history, a theme that continues up to today. The uprise of Syrian is a continuous armed conflict between the forces that are loyal to the Baath Party and those who try to overthrow it. Primarily, the conflict began on March 15, with various public protests. Demonstrators wanted to end the five decades of the Party rule. Earlier, in April 2011, the Syrian government used regular Army to quell the demonstrations. After many days of military blockades, the demonstrations developed into an armed rebellion. Forces opposing the government became well organized and highly armed, while uniting into larger groups. Besides, many of them received military aid from some foreign countries. Nevertheless, the opposition failed to choo se a single leader. The government described the insurgencies as armed terrorist groups. The US, European Union, Arab league and other countries condemned the use of violence against the demonstrators. These countries have advised against sanctions. The Arab league suspended Syrias membership due to the governments response to the crisis.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Hamlet Soliloquy Speech - 1816 Words

Hamlet’s â€Å"To be, or not to be† speech is ubiquitous. From a Sesame Street lesson to a Charlie Chaplin movie to a Malcolm X speech, it is a soundbite, the epitome of acting, and a rallying cry for action. Like Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa or Beethoven’s â€Å"Ode to Joy†, Shakespeare’s ponderous soliloquy seems to be more famous for its fame than for its merits, though it has many. How do directors and actors convince their audiences to engage with Hamlet’s words, when the audience is more inclined to be pulled into their own thoughts and ideas about the soliloquy as soon as they hear the signifier of â€Å"To be†? I will be examining approaches taken by directors and actors across the history of filmed Hamlets to create Hamlet’s famous speech, focusing on†¦show more content†¦In film, audiences are more naturally voyeurs than confidantes, so an audience for the soliloquy must be created inside of the context of the production. In Laurence Olivier’s 1948 film, the camera seems to zoom into the back of Hamlet’s head and enter his mind. A blurry focus shifting from Hamlet’s eyes’s point of view, looking at the water below, to a frame on Hamlet’s face, allows the possibility that the audience is experiencing Hamlet’s perspective, and Hamlet is having an out of body experience. This explains why the audience can still hear Hamlet’s thoughts when his lips stop moving. Then upon â€Å"perchance to dream†, the jarring musical cue, camera shift away from Hamlet’s head to a more normal frame of his entire body, and Hamletâ₠¬â„¢s opening of his eyes comprise moving outside of Hamlet’s head as he wakes from a trance. Hamlet speaks the rest of the monologue out loud, with no audience except himself and the cliffs. The shift from inside Hamlet’s mind to outside comes at the tone shift in the speech, the realization that the dreams of death are probably nightmares. Hamlet’s desire to express his thoughts about the horrors of life and death out loud is believable and natural. Since the audience has been inside of Hamlet’s mind, they are not likely to feel they are intruding upon Hamlet’s thoughts. The boundary between public and private life is erased many times in Hamlet. For example, Hamlet’s troubles and concerns come from his personalShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Soliloquy On Elizabethan Audience954 Words   |  4 PagesDecember 18, 2015 Impact of Soliloquy on Elizabethan Audience In William Shakespeare s revenge tragedy play Hamlet, the prevailing themes of revenge, madness, and morality were recognized by the Elizabethan audience and appealed to them. The play s central focus is on a young prince, Hamlet, who has gone through many challenges to avenge his father s death. Prince Hamlet got his revenge on his deceitful uncle, Claudius, the same man who murdered his father and married Hamlet s mother. 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The speech covers an idea we all refuse to acknowledge, humans bear the burden and labor of life only to avoid the unknown mysteries of death. For such a powerful soliloquy, converting it to films needs a brilliant directing; with outstandingRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Hamlet 1016 Words   |  5 PagesENG4UO June 12th 2015 Hamlet s Downward Spiral to Insanity through Unique Soliloquies The true soliloquy is a speech that an actor delivers alone onstage to either himself or an audience.. In William Shakespeare Hamlet, Hamlets soliloquies appears to generally reveal that he is pure but that he has adapted impulsive behaviour and enters his downfall into mental instability. Nonetheless, the soliloquies and set speeches have a fulfillment of place revealing much about Hamlet and his overall development

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Physical, Cognitive, And Social Emotional Development

Typical Physical, Cognitive, and Social-Emotional Development This group of students is quite diverse. This group of fourth grade students also exhibit diversity from their home life, culture, and socioeconomic areas. This school has over an eighty percent ration of students on free or reduced lunches. Religious diversity also plays a part in this group of children. These children break up into social groups based along these lines of diversity. Physical Development Normal physical development for this age group, 8-10 year olds, would suggest that they will be â€Å"Full of energy,† they will need time to get out their excess energy (Wood, 2005). They may be experiencing growth spirts and they may need periodic breaks of physical activity. They should be able to participate in sports (McDevitt Ormrod, 2013, p. 27). These children should show increased ability in coordination, but may complain of frequent injuries (Wood, 2005). Maturation. Some girls show onset of puberty (McDevitt Ormrod, 2013, p. 27). This group of students plays hard at recess, but as mentioned before they often have bruised limbs and require ice packs at the end of the recess period (Wood, 2005). Teachers often keep refreeze-able icepacks in the classrooms to avoid unneeded disruptions. This seems to be a good strategy for this age group. Both the boys and girls have shown signs of recent growth spirts. They are sometimes overly aggressive when playing at recess, which is normal for this ageShow MoreRelatedDevelopment Of The Cognitive, Physical And Social Emotional Domains Within Middle Childhood980 Words   |  4 PagesThis essay aims to analysis the development of the cognitive, physical and social-emotional domains within middle childhood. This essay will discuss how the development of these domains can be seen throughout the movie ‘Boyhood’. 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I will also try to explain about the domain of development such as physical, cognitive, emotional and social. https://wwwRead MoreWhy Father Is Important?1587 Words   |  7 Pagesyour father? If not, what if you did? How did it make you feel? What was the importance of your father’s presence and involvement in your life? As these are questions I’ve examined to see if a father’s presence and involvement are important to development. The father role present-day is continually diminishing from the values that constitute a traditional family. Non- traditional and single parent family structures are a growing phenomenon. According to U.S. Census Bureau, over 77% of children in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The New Digital Era called “MP3 Technology” Free Essays

Downloading of music has been a long time subject of piracy. In the 1920’s, radio stations played records that are not tracked. It is a not-so obvious manner of piracy but did impact writers who were losing money due to public performance of their works without proper accountability. We will write a custom essay sample on The New Digital Era called â€Å"MP3 Technology† or any similar topic only for you Order Now No one was making money through this procedure but only radio stations via their sponsors. (Wicknick, par. 1) With this, the performance rights societies including ASCAP and BMI worked with the Congress and the FCC to change legislation to ensure that radio stations will track airplay and pay blanket licenses that were given to writers based on airplay. (Wicknick, par. 1) It is impossible to copy a record before the invention of blank tape. Its either you bought it or borrow a copy and played it until the needle lost its tip. (Wicknick, par. 3) In the mid 1960’s, even after the invention of blank tapes, copying a record is sill a clunky process. (Wicknick, par. 3) In the advent of cassette tape, people learned to do dubbing. But marketing of these tapes are low because it is still evident that it is dub due to sonic integrity has been compromised. ASCAP and BMI, together with the FCC, they began to collect blanket license fees on the sale of blank media and give them to writers and publisher members. (Wicknick, par. 4) In 1982, in the faà §ade of CD in Europe, Japan and in the United States by 1983, it was read-only. Burning to a CD is impossible before. But advancement in technology made it possible. In the year of 2003, you can burn CD from mp3 and sources like iTunes. However, MP3 and iTunes do charge for licensing, worked out deals and propose duplication allowances. (Wicknick, par. 5) The onslaught of the digital wave in 1999 started with the newly created MP3 file sharing software called Napster, stated Catherine Edwards, in her article â€Å"The Napster Challenger.†Ã‚   Lee Bockhorn, in his article â€Å"MP3 and Me: How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love Online Music File Sharing (sort of)† stated that on one side of the wave is the estimated 60 million MP3 Internet users that enjoy the advantages of ala carte collection choice, downloading these selections for free and testing music before purchasing. On the other side are the artists and recording companies making strong claims for illegal sharing of copyrighted material states John Healey and Jeff Leeds in their article â€Å"Tone Deaf to the Moral Dilemma?†Ã‚   The new MP3 file sharing technology has brought to us into a new digital age madness designed for music lovers.   Claiming violation of copyright laws, the greedy recording companies and music artists do not wish to give up the present business structure and refuse to embrace the exploding expansion of digital technology that will allow ‘ala carte purchases’. The start of this digital age software began with a 19-year-old freshman at Northeastern University in Boston in 1999.   His name is Shawn Fanning.   He revolutionized the music industry, developing a software program called Napster.   Napster allows music fans to share and download music files via the Internet for free.   Shawn received $15 million to start the corporation and is now a famous CEO (Edwards 160). Then, one and a half years later, in 2001, 2 famous bands, Metallica and Dr. Dre, sued Napster. The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) sued as well, claiming Napster violated record label copyrights.   This case is still on appeal.   Since this time, Napster has joined with BMG Entertainment (a $50 million dollar deal) offering a new fee-based system (Edwards) The RIAA has been taking drastic measures to limit piracy. Consumers of music sees file-sharing or downloading as the wave of the future and legal in their own right. The lawsuits include a twelve year old for downloading contents online and an 80 year-old grandfather who were sued for his computer activity wherein he claimed that he don’t even know how to turn a computer on. Many of the grandparents bought computer for their grandchild as a treat whenever they come to visit their place. But a twelve year old may be well aware on the usage of the computer technology as well as a graduate student but doesn’t know or understand the violations of what they have done. (Wicknick, par. 2) The next approach for RIAA is to target college students and parents with further lawsuits alleging copyright violations.   â€Å"One goal is to persuade parents to crack down on their children’s file sharing before an entire generation comes to expect music to be free† (Healey and Leeds 175).   This may prove to be a futile effort with the millions of Internet users copying music for free on the new sites that have popped up, such as Kazaa or Limewire.   Also, many parents condone students’ downloading even though it’s unethical.   RIAA lawsuits will attempt to target the Internet account that is used to share the file (Healey and Leeds 177).   These lawsuits may change the attitudes of 12-22 year-olds, that when surveyed said that 70% of them would stop if at risk of a fine or jail (Healey and Leeds 178). According to the Pew Internet Project’s national survey of adult Internet users conducted last January-February 2005 resulted that about 7 million adults downloaded files from someone’s iPod or MP3 player. (Madden and Lee par. 2) Approximately, 10 million people get their music and video files through email and instant messages. But there are people who use both the same sources. Other alternative sources of downloading include music and movie websites, blogs and online reviews. There is also a legislation being pushed in Congress by the record companies.   If approved, it would use software to flood peer-to-peer sharing with dummy files, search public folders for illegally copies music and block users from downloading.   Even though it’s difficult to empathize with rich artists and greedy record companies, it is still, according to law, an illegal practice to share and download copyrighted music online.   Millions of people through MP3 technology are sharing files, making the concept of ‘fair use’ ridiculous (Bockhorn 163). Further in his article, Bockhorn writes of his personal exposure to the Napster era.   At the start of the Napster take-off he felt that it just wasn’t right to not pay an artist for his/her music.   He explains that his first temptation came after attending a Norah Jones concert.   He later downloaded her performance of the ‘Tennessee Waltz’ thru I-Tunes. His justification was that he had paid to see the concert and had bought previous albums (Bockhorn 162).   In a forum done by eight graders, some students thought that the music industries have huge incomes and it would not hurt if they will get a song or two from an album through the internet. A student said that the artist will still have an income because they are still buying T-shirts and watch their concerts. (Hafner, par. 13) Curiosities about MP3 file sharing, lead to Bockhorn’s downloading of Limewire, a successor to Napster.   He agrees that it is unquestionably, great technology, without paying a fee.   Drawbacks to MP3 are availability of music, modem connection speed, and the guilt of acquiring music without paying.   â€Å"If I want to download My Cherie Amour, Stevie Wonder should get a cut of whatever price a true market . . . determines the song is worth . . .† (Bockhorn 162). Currently, Bockhorn’s primary concern is that MP3 technology has definitely warped the minds of users copying illegal files to build their music collection.   But, why does the music lover continue to partake?   Number one because of choice and number two because it’s free (Bockhorn 163).   Most people will agree that it’s illegal but will continue to do it.   â€Å"Like countless millions, Miriam Philips felt no guilt in downloading music from a shared campus folder† (Healey and Leeds 175).   Philips offers no sympathy for the artist and the record company, â€Å"They’re rich, they can deal with it†, (Philips via Healey and Leeds 175). According to a 13-year old girl, if you wanted a song or two in a certain album, it is not a big deal.(Hafner, par. 3) However, when someone consistently downloaded an artist whole CD, it might be the right time to call them thieves. Almost all of the houses here in the US have Internet-connected computers in their homes. A student even asked that if downloading of music is really illegal, why do PCs were sold with CD burners? (Hafner, par. 18) Downloading of music through CD burning is very convenient especially to students who were mostly doing it.   Just a few clicks away, they will be able to have the songs they wanted. (Hafner, par. 9) Though some of these people knew that they are violating the law, but they can’t afford to give up convenience and less expensive or the free copies of the recordings of their own choice. On the other hand, there are some advantages to the downloading frenzy.   This technology has prompted some users to purchase CD’s based on a new interest in a particular type of music.   It is able to give a taste of a certain type of music or unknown band before purchasing an entire CD.   Users will find that if they’re downloading more than 2-3 songs they will probably go out and buy the entire album. Internet users will also argue that it is difficult at times to locate a particular piece of music that they’re looking for.   Also, this activity is for personal use, not resale (Healey and Leeds 176).   There is also no evidence that MP3 file sharing has dramatically hurt CD sales.   In 2001, sales dropped 10% and in 2002 sales dropped 7% (Bockhorn 163). There are news and write ups on lawsuits for music-downloading like the Napsters and Metallica lawsuits but possible loss of revenue for recording industry were not perceived. Music-downloading is hurting the businesses of music retailers. While downloaders are getting music for free through downloading it from internet or MP3s, it is a loss of income for massive music retail outlets. (Bestul, par. 5) People resigned from buying or purchasing music and switch over to downloading it from the computer instead. What they haven’t thought about is the income that music retailers or outlets will lose every time they download the music for free from computer or MP3 instead of buying a CD from retail outlets. In attempting to defend this illegal behavior, consumers will argue that corrupt record companies refuse to embrace technology that will allow ‘ala carte’ purchases.   Consumers wish to purchase the one or two songs from an album that are worthy of purchase.   This choice could lead to the extinction of great albums such as the Beatles’ Sgt. Peppers album (Bockhorn 163).   Bockhorn believes that people want to do the right thing, and hopes that record companies will provide us options for subscription or ala carte, but thus far they have been very reluctant.   If record companies would join the new technology, all of us could rest easier know that the artist got his/her share (Bockhorn 164). It is believe to be impossible to stop the downloading of music because it is the fad as of this era. Aside from the fact that many people are music lovers, the technology that we have today is unstoppable. Advancement in technology might be the reason why people can come up in this kind of technique in getting what they want for free or at a lesser cost with much ease. Maybe in the future, we might have other ways or means of downloading music or files in a more convenient way based on how technology progress on every generation. Future growth of MP3 digital technology is yet to be determined, with many changes to come.   Millions of Internet users each day have access to use of this technology, either through free or paid Internet sites.   Consumers do have a choice, the questions remains to be, how many will lean toward their obligation of legal choice.   Future enforcement of the free technology won’t be effective unless the music industry offers a legal alternative to file sharing. References Bestul, Michael J. (11 December 2003). â€Å"Lost in the controversy.† Retrieved last October 19, 2006. Websites: Bockhorn, Lee.   â€Å"MP3 and Me: How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love Online Music File-Sharing (sort of).† The Weekly Standard 16 October 2002 Edwards, Catherine. â€Å"The Napster Challenge.† Insight on the News January 2001 Hafner, Katie (19 September 2003). â€Å"Is it wrong to share your music? (Discuss).† The New York Times Retrieved last October 19, 2006. Website: Healey, John, and Jeff Leeds. â€Å"Tone Deaf to the Moral Dilemma?† The Los Angeles Times 2 September 2003 Madden, Mary and Rainie, Lee (25 March 2005). â€Å"Music and Video Downloading Moves Beyond P2P.† Pew Internet and American Life Project Retrieved last October 19, 2006. W Website: Wicknick, Darcie-Nicole. â€Å"The RIAA Muic Downloading Controversy: Both Sides of the Record.† Retrieved last October 19, 2006. Websites: ; ; ; ; How to cite The New Digital Era called â€Å"MP3 Technology†, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Case Study about Starbucks Going Global Fast @MyAssignmentHelp

Question: Discuss the controllable and uncontrollable factors and critique starbucks overall corporate strategy. Answer: Introduction Starbucks is increasing in number, continuously. Their presence in different countries is different. It is important for the management to understand the culture, likes and dislikes of people in the country so that the organization can grow further. The management should try to understand the expectations of people from different countries and plan their accordingly. At this point of time, the number of stores of Starbucks is considered to be its strength but there are very high possibilities that the increasing number of cafes will not matter and the quality of coffee offered matter the most. Controllable and Uncontrollable factors Starbucks is one of the popular names in the world of coffee but they have to struggle hard so that they can be stable at their position. There are plenty of controllable and uncontrollable factors which are creating an impact on the growth and fall of the business. The management will have to understand the controllable factors and look for ways by which it can be controlled. On the other end, the management will have look for ways by which the uncontrollable factors can be dealt with (Kessler 2015). In each country, the controllable and uncontrollable factors are different than that of each other. The controllable and uncontrollable factors of Starbucks, in different countries, are elaborated below. Uncontrollable factors There are plenty of uncontrollable factors associated with Starbucks. The management of Starbucks will have to look for ways by which they can deal with these threats. It is very important for the management of Starbucks to fight against these factors rather than that of ignoring it. The uncontrollable factors in Japan are as follows: - There are plenty of coffee shops in Japan and hence, the competition from rival shops is too high for Starbucks in Japan. Most of the Japanese prefer to consume coffee from the local store rather than that of into Starbucks. The competitors are offering local flavoured coffee at a much cheaper rate. The Japanese customers are still wondering if its worth of pay a high price and taste a coffee at Starbucks (Barber 2014). The economic condition of Japan shows a downturn of 14%. This is not a good sign for any business. Economy downturn would mean that the income of the people in the nation has reduced. This reduction would mean that the disposable income of the people will reduce. Reduction of disposable income would mean that people arent willing to spend much on luxury things. For customers in Japan, Starbucks is a luxury as it is priced above all the other similar coffee stores (Anthonisz 2014). The uncontrollable factors in France are different than that of Japan. Few of the uncontrollable factors in Japan are as follows: - In France, the political laws are very strong. There are plenty of secret regulations. It is the responsibility of the management to understand them and the business should follow those regulations so that the business can stay away from legal complications. In case of ignorance of any of the legal regulations, Starbucks will be forced to leave the nation. The labour laws are very generous. Every organization in France will have to pay better and also better perks to the employees, that what they pay in other countries. Due to this, Starbucks will have to come up with employee benefits that can lure the employees and also the government (Lee 2013). The uncontrollable factor in Vienna is different than what it is in France and Japan. The culture in Vienna allows the youth in the nation to try and explore new things and this is a positive thing for Starbucks. The youth in the nation will be enthusiastic about trying the coffee at Starbucks and at the same time, they will also be willing to explore the new products that would be launched in Starbucks periodically (Liat 2014). Controllable factors There are certain controllable factors which is creating an impact on the business of Starbucks. The controllable factors are same all over the world. Few of the controllable factors which should be controlled by Starbucks so that they can stay ahead in the competition are as follows: - The price of the coffee and other non-coffee items in Italian coffee stores is much cheaper than that what it is in Starbucks. Due to this reason, a lot of people in Italy prefer to have coffee at local Italian coffee outlets rather than that of having it in Starbucks. Price of an expresso at Starbucks is $1.5 but in Italian coffee outlets, an expresso just costs 67 cents (Morris 2014). There are plenty of products available at Starbucks, like coffee, tea, smoothies, sandwiches and others. It is very important for Starbucks to continue with this expansion so that the customers continue to come to the store to explore new products. The channel of distribution used by Starbucks is very unique. All the coffee shops are owned directly by Starbucks. They have 20,891 stores available in 62 countries. This is the largest coffeehouse in the world (Kim 2015). Starbucks doesnt make much investment in marketing. Most of the marketing is undertaken by word-of-mouth communication. Starbucks just spends just 1% of their total revenue in marketing. This is also undertaken only when a new product is launched in the market. Starbucks believes in continuous research. This continuous research allows the coffee house to come up with new things at regular intervals so that they can hold the attention of the customers (Hsu 2014). Sources of risk Starbucks is growing fast but at the same time, they will have to face plenty of risks in the near future. It is the responsibility of the management to understand these threats and act accordingly rather than that of being ignorant about the foreseen threats. Few of the major sources of risks that have been foreseen by Starbucks are discussed below. USA is the home market for Starbucks and the organization will have to accept to the fact that it is becoming saturated now. The number of Starbucks cafe is already high and hence, the management cannot think of having more cafes in the USA. If the management decides to go ahead and open few more cafes in the USA then they will notice that the revenue generated by Starbucks in the USA will reduce. Rather than that of looking for ways to increase the number of coffee shops, they can increase the quality of products that they offer to the customers. This will ensure that more people are attracted to the cafe and hence, the sales in Starbucks would ultimately increase (Chou 2014). The upcoming generation (generation X) is not willing to accept Starbucks and its products. The upcoming generation thinks that the $3 coffee offered by the cafe is meant for elderly people and not for them. With increase in the number of generation X, the sales of Starbucks is getting affected. Starbucks will have to plan and position itself as an organization that is cool and trendy. This will motivate the gen X crowd to sip a coffee at Starbucks. Only coffee will not be loved by the gen X so the products will also have to be changed accordingly to meet their taste and preference (Durna 2015). Starbucks is introducing plenty of new items that can be explored by people. Due to this, lot of people arent willing to come down to Starbucks. Starbucks is known for the coffee that they offer to people so they should continue to offer the same to the people. Starbucks can introduce smoothies, lattes, and sandwiches but they should always remember that people walk-in into Starbucks for coffee so that needs to be improved continuously. Continuous improvement in the coffee flavour will help Starbucks to retain the existing customers (Becerra 2013). Starbucks is no more loved by the employees working over there. In the past, employees use to proudly say that they are associated with Starbucks but that is not the case today. Today, the employees feel that they are manipulated and misused by the management of Starbucks. The benefits offered to the employees are very low. Today, there are plenty of pizza joints and coffee houses so the employees feel that working with Starbucks is like working with a pizza joint or any other coffee house (Jayawardena 2013). It is the responsibility of the management to look for ways by which employee benefits can be improved so that they can retain the existing employees and at the same time, attracting new employees will also be an easy task. Satisfying the employees with attractive compensation and benefits will ensure that the employees are happy and they will serve the customers with a smile. This smile will make the customers feel satisfied and hence, they will be motivated to walk back in the store (Rashid 2013). Critique Starbucks overall corporate strategy Starbucks is known for the best of strategies that they have in place to attract the customers but there are certain areas which need to be improved by Starbucks. Due to the mismatch between the corporate strategies that are implemented and the customer satisfaction, Starbucks is losing huge sales. Few of the areas wherein Starbucks needs to consider and improve are discussed below. Starbucks has its presence across the globe and this is one of the major reasons due to which, Starbucks is termed as a global organization. There are few cities in the USA wherein multiple Starbucks cafe is present but that is not the case with all the cities in the USA. There are eight cities in the USA that doesnt have Starbucks Cafe at this. This is not in sync with the corporate strategy of the organization. Starbucks wants to dominant the complete USA market but their absence in eight cities states that Starbucks havent explored the USA market completely. It is very important for Starbucks to have its presence in all the cities in the USA because USA is the parent country for the organization (Willie 2013). Starbucks believes that increasing the number of stores will help them to increase the sales but this is not the right strategy and this may not work longer. The customers are in love with the coffee flavour offered by Starbucks and hence, they prefer to walk-in in the store and they are really not concerned about the number of Starbucks cafe in different corners of the world. Starbucks will have to ensure that the taste of the coffee at Starbucks should be improved continuously so that they retain the customers and also attract new customers. If Starbucks is able to team up the best coffee with best price then nothing better is going to happen (Lo 2013). No differentiation among the customers of Starbucks is one of the wrong strategies that are used by Starbucks. The 3$ is loved by the senior people but the people in the early 20s are not willing to take a sip. Starbucks can come up with products to match the taste of younger generation. This will ensure that Starbucks is attracting the senior people and also the generation X. Starbucks will have to put in efforts to understand the taste and preference of generation X as the generation X customers believe that there is nothing matching to their taste and preference in Starbucks (Ozan 2015). Low advertisement of Starbucks may be considered as strength by the management of Starbucks but that is not the fact and its needs to be accepted by Starbucks. Just 1% of the revenue is utilized by the management for the purpose of marketing. Large corporations spend a minimum of 10% of their total revenue on marketing and this helps the organization to be popular (Muhi 2013). It is very important for the management of Starbucks to make further investment in marketing so that the brand can reach to people in different corners of the world. Apart from that, marketing will also help the organization to attract more people to the cafe (Nomsa 2015). Predatory real-estate strategy is used by Starbucks so that they dont allow the competitors to enter the place wherein they are present. This is one of the wrong strategies used by Starbucks to stay ahead in the competition. Starbucks is not playing the game fair and this is not a healthy sign. They should allow the competitors to occupy a place close by. This will help Starbucks to understand their real position in the market. The competitor can be studied if they are more preferred over Starbucks and accordingly, Starbucks can improve further. Starbucks pay is criticized across the globe. The employees talk about the heavy workload and low pay that they receive and this is not a good sign for the organization. It is the responsibility of the management to pay the employees as per the work that they do. If the salary paid and the work done is not sync with each other then this dissatisfaction will be seen in the work that they deliver and hence, the customers will be ultimately dissatisfied (Promsivapallop 2015). Strategic Analysis Porters five forces analysis of Starbucks It is very important for the management of Starbucks to understand the impact of various factors on Starbucks. This will help the management to plan their strategic. The impact of various factors on Starbucks is discussed below. Rivalry among existing competitors is very high for Starbucks because there are plenty of coffee shops. Even small and local coffee shops can be considered as a competitor for Starbucks. McDonalds, Dunkin Donuts and other such cafes are also giving a tough competition to Starbucks. Bargaining power of suppliers is very high in the coffee industry. It is very important for Starbucks to ensure that they have the best quality coffee beans so that they can serve the best to the customer. Coffee beans cannot be produced at all the locations and hence, acquiring the same quality of coffee beans at all point of time will be very difficult. Bargaining power of buyers is also very high for Starbucks because the buyers can easily switch their loyalty from one cafe to that of another as there is no switching cost associated with shifting loyalty. Threats from substitutes can be considered to be limited as coffee lovers will always prefer to have coffee, over energy drinks, soft drinks or anything else. Pubs can be considered as a substitute for Starbucks as people like to meet each other and spend time in the pub rather than that of going to a cafe. Threat of new entrants in the industry is very low because Starbucks have a reputation for itself in the market. The customers who are loyal to Starbucks will never think of moving to some other cafe. Recommendations for Starbucks in the USA Starbucks will have to improve so that they can stay ahead in the competition. Few of the recommendations that can be implemented by Starbucks in the USA, so that they can get rid of the stagnated sales, are as follows: - There are 8 cities in the USA that doesnt have Starbucks. This means there are few people who dont have access to Starbucks. Starbucks can set up their store there so that the sales of Starbucks USA can be increased (Sund 2013). Starbucks is one of the oldest cafes in the USA. This is one of the reasons due to which lot of people walk-in into the cafe but the younger generation is sceptical about Starbucks. It is the responsibility of the management to introduce new products so that Starbucks can be loved by the younger generation as well. The advertising of Starbucks should be increased so that it can look appealing to the youngsters in the nation (Yu 2014). Conclusion Starbucks is one of the popular coffee stores across the globe but they are certain areas wherein they need to improve so that they can stay ahead in the competition. The management will have to work on the Japanese market so that they can survive in Japan. Improvement in the services is one of the best strategies to stay ahead in the competition, at all possible locations. 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